Glossary

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There are 6 names in this directory beginning with the letter G.
Galantamine
What is Galantamine Powder? Galantamine supplement has multiple uses when it comes to improving cognition and memory. The main benefit of Galantamine is that it drastically helps with age related memory loss . The substance also has acetylcholinesterase inhibiting properties, which serve to increase the amount of circulating acetylcholine within the brain . In fact, acetylcholine is one of the major chemicals in the brain believed to be responsible for functions such as mood, movement, and even memory. Galantamine Powder Benefits In addition to helping with memory and cognition, this supplement is also an effective sleep aid, especially for people who are overly restless and have difficulty relaxing their mind and body. The increase in acetylcholine helps balance the chemicals that regulate sleep and relaxation cycles. There are also a number of reported nootropic effects of Galantamine. However, many individuals take Galantamine for its ability to increase lucid dreaming. Galantamine Side Effects Upset stomach and drowsiness may occur when supplementing with galantamine. Galantamine Powder Dosage The recommended galantamine dosage is between 8mg (2 level red microsoops) one to two times per day. It is always advisable to start small and increase the dosage only after carefully observing any effects.

Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)
Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) is technically an amino acid. It is produced within the brain from another amino acid glutamate and vitamin B6. It is also the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the body. This is important because it allows for the balancing out of other chemicals which may cause over excitability. When the brain becomes excited, this can lead to a number of harmful effects. Too much can lead to feelings of restlessness, irritability and insomnia. Having GABA helps balance all of these chemical substances and maintain normal moods. This supplement is also responsible for a number of other functions. It is believed to be directly responsible for the regulation of muscle tone throughout the body. Additionally, it may help support the production of other hormones which are needed to build muscle. Finally, this substance also regulates the growth of embryonic and neural stem cells. Gaba Powder Benefits The primary benefit of GABA supplementation is a healthy balancing of excitability within the brain. This leads more level and predictable moods. It is also very helpful with reducing stress levels. Many researchers also feel that it is helpful at inducing relaxation and more restful sleep. It may also play a part in releasing chemicals which help fight off pain; a sort of natural analgesic. GABA is basically a neurotransmitter. It helps nerves and neurons to communicate with one another. This also helps to support a number of additional functions. Some of these include the ability to support healthy fat loss. Many bodybuilders and weight trained athletes also use GABA supplement. This is because several studies indicate that the supplement may be helpful in laying the foundation for gaining more lean muscle. It may also support the production of additional hormones which can help to build lean muscle mass. Gamma Aminobutyric Acid Side Effects There have been no significant side effects reported. Gamma Aminobutyric Acid Dosage The recommended daily GABA dose is between 250 mg and 1 grams. Doses over 3 grams can cause side effects such as tingling and flushing, nausea, and shortness of breath. Doses may be split into evenly divided administrations. Generally, users start low and stick with taking the smallest effective dose

Ginkgo Biloba
Ginkgo Biloba is a tree native to China and one of the oldest species of trees on earth. What makes ginkgo biloba so unique however, are the leaves of the tree. The leaves contain plant metabolites known as flavonoid glycosides and have been shown to possess many different uses, especially relating to improving memory, concentration, and the slowing of cognitive decline. Ginkgo Biloba Benefits The most notable benefit of ginkgo biloba extract is its ability to improve short term memory and free recall, especially in older adults affected by cognitive decline. Another benefit of this nootropic is that it provides a degree of neuroprotection. These benefits are made possible by the flavonoid glycosides, as they work as an inhibitor of the platelet activating factor receptor (PAF). This can potentially extend neurology and may also be a factor in the neuroprotective effects of ginkgo. Ginkgo is also effective at reducing stress and anxiety as well as boosting mood. In regards to stress in particular, ginkgo is able to reduce corticosterone, which is the hormone that regulates how you respond to stress. Because of this, ginkgo is likely an adaptogen. Additionally, Ginkgo Biloba is able to reduce the effects of oxidative damage, thus it is an effective antioxidant as well. Ginkgo Biloba Side Effects For safety, ginkgo biloba is not recommended for pregnant women. On rare occasions gingko has been shown to cause an increased risk of bleeding in some users due to the reduced platelet response caused by the PAF inhibiting properties. Headaches and dizziness may also occur in some users. Ginkgo Biloba Dosage Individuals should take 120-240mg of Ginkgo Biloba with meals. This nootropic takes about 30 minutes to an hour to take maximum effect. If you want constant but mild benefits, take 40-120mg doses one to three times per day.

Glycine
Glycine is an amino acid and neurotransmitter with similar mechanisms to D-serine, another amino acid with nootropic properties. While D-serine is primarily used for its cognitive enhancing potential, glycine is taken for its additional ability to improve sleep quality. Glycine is also sometimes utilized as a flavor enhancer due to its sweet taste, particularly in protein drinks. Glycine Benefits Like D-serine, glycine is able to improve cognition; however, it does so primarily by improving sleep quality and reducing fatigue. In one study, individuals were given either glycine or a placebo prior to going to sleep. The participants taking the glycine supplement reported better subjective measures of sleep quality such as peppiness and clear-headedness the following day over those who received the placebo . Another study confirmed these subjective results; this second study also noted participants fell asleep faster. In particular, participants experienced less day time drowsiness the next day and showed improvements in memory on cognitive tests . Unlike the first two studies, which focused on otherwise healthy individuals dealing with poor sleep, a third study tested the effects of glycine on participants undergoing partial sleep deprivation. This study limited the individuals' sleep to 5.5 hours per night for three nights in a row. Supplementation with glycine showed improvements in fatigue, drowsiness, and vigilance . Another great benefit is that there are very few glycine side effects. This sleep aid is incredibly well tolerated, even when taken in extremely high doses . When disproportionately large doses are used, the most common side effect is nausea. Glycine Dosage Individuals should take 1-3g of glycine per day. This can be taken all at once or divided into three equal doses over the course of the day. In the three human sleep studies referenced above, participants took 3g of glycine 30 minutes to one hour prior to going to sleep

Gotu Kola
Gotu Kola is a native plant of many tropical and subtropical areas including India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, South Africa, the South Pacific, and Eastern Europe. Its leaves and stems have been used for centuries for their wide array of physiological and cognitive benefits. The chemicals in the plant have been found to reduce inflammation, blood pressure, and other heart related problems. Gotu Kola exhibits sedative, anxyolitic, anti-depressant, anti-epileptic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties depending on dosage. It has even been shown to inhibit the enzymes that break down collagen while also promoting the synthesis of new collagen. This ultimately leads to increased skin elasticity and the healing of scars. Gotu Kola Benefits The list of benefits that Gotu Kola provides is nearly endless. It has been shown to address many health concerns including cognitive impairments, wound healing, poor blood circulation, gastrointestinal related discomfort, and it is even thought to promote longevity. Some women have even used Gotu Kola to address the absence of menstrual periods and increase sexual arousal. If you are looking to improve your cognitive reactions, one study showed that Gotu Kola has the ability to increase awareness to outside stimuli such as sounds . Gotu Kola Dosage The standard dosage for Gotu Kola is 600mg . It it best to consult with your physician prior to supplementing Gotu Kola long term, as it can sometimes have mild side effects such as skin allergy, upset stomach, nausea, dizziness, or drowsiness

Green Tea Extract
Green tea is a product made from the Camellia sinensis plant. As an extract, it is taken from the leaves and then developed into a powdered supplement . The plant and tea leaves themselves are cultivated all over the world, beginning in ancient times in India and China. Green tea itself is made from unfermented leaves and is thought to contain the highest concentration of a substance known as polyphenols. EGCG These polyphenols work as powerful anti-oxidants. By using this substance you are effectively helping to fight free radicals in your body that can cause damage to your cells. In fact, these free radicals can even change your DNA and lead to cell death in extreme cases. There is also evidence to suggest that they contribute to the aging process and a number of other health issues. Green Tea Extract Powder Benefits An additional important benefit of Green Tea Extract Powder is that it helps you to lose weight as it has powerful fat-burning effects. Both the polyphenols and the catechins help to induce thermogenisis and control body fat levels. This also helps your body to stimulate fat oxidation. EGCG, a type of catechin found in Green Tea, also helps to increase your resting metabolism. There is also evidence that Green Tea Extract supplement may help to fight influenza (the flu virus). In fact, this supplement may boost overall immune system function. Many studies including a 2007 test at Appalachian State University have confirmed that when using this supplement people under extreme physical stress did not develop flu or other upper respiratory illnesses. Three months worth of supplementation of Green Tea Extract Powder has also been connected to significant reductions in the levels of C-reactive protein, which is a marker of inflammation that often leads to infection and disease. It has[also been shown to reduce both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in obese people with hypertension. Yet another great benefits of green tea extract is it's ability to boost memory, particularly when combined with Theanine and Caffeine. Green Tea Extract Powder Dosage Most individuals take 350mg of green tea extract per day. Green Tea Extract Caffeine content Green tea extract contains 2-4% caffeine, so 350mg contains up to 14mg of caffeine.


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