Glossary

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z | Submit a name
There are 7 names in this directory beginning with the letter A.
Acetyl L-Carnitine
Acetyl L-Carnitine Powder, also known as ALCAR, is a supplement with a wide range of benefits that can be considered applicable to disease prevention, brain and cognitive help, and even general health. So, anyone interested in protecting their brain, preventing infection, and even boosting health naturally should pay attention and consider the information offered below carefully to see if this is right for your situation. Acetyl L-Carnitine Defined This supplement is simply a derived form of the amino acid Lysine. The name is a reference to the fact that it was first isolated from meat. The supplement variety is absorbed through the intestines into the bloodstream (this is improved when taking together with sodium). The acetylated version is generally considered to be the most effective since it offers a higher absorption rate and bioavailability. Acetyl L Carnitine (ALCAR) Benefits For starters ALCAR, Acetyl L-Carnitine, can help with a number of health issues and conditions, including promoting heart health and reducing nerve pain. Many individuals also use this supplement before exercise as well as it helps boost motivation and promotes fat loss. ALCAR also has the potential to improve the brain. It is thought to help increase the release and/or production of a powerful neurotransmitter known as Acetylcholine. This neurotransmitter plays a vital role in memory formation, learning capacity, and a number of additional cognitive processes. Many users also report having a sense or feeling of mental energy, clarity of thought, and calm focus. This supplement also has the benefit of being a powerful anti-oxidant. This helps to scavenge free radicals and remove other toxins and poisons. Furthermore, it helps to improve the efficiency of communication between neurons within the brain. Acetyl L-Carnitine (ALCAR) Dosage Most individuals start by taking 500mg of this supplement each day. While it can be taken all at once, it might be even more effective if divided into smaller administrations 2 to 3 times throughout the day. ALCAR can also be safely combined with a number of other Nootropic type supplements. This has been known to help increase or potentiate effects, making them both more effective together than if taken separately

Adrafinil
Adrafinil Lafon Labs developed Adrafinil in the 1970s and it quickly became widely used in many European countries to improve wakefulness and for conditions that negatively impact the ability to stay awake. Now Adrafinil is more commonly recognized for its use as a mild stimulant; however, it does not function like your typical energy booster. Rather than causing hyperactivity, Adrafinil helps your body fight fatigue. It is much gentler than standard stimulants as it lacks most of the common side effects . Adrafinil and Athletic Performance Some athletes substitute a preworkout powder with adrafinil because of its stimulating effects. Using adrafinil one to two times weekly instead of a preworkout powder is an excellent way to cycle. Cycling is necessary with stimulants as the body will otherwise build a tolerance to them, meaning they lose their effectiveness. Adrafinil vs Modafinil Adrafinil is also a prodrug for Modafinil, meaning that it leads to increased concentrations of Modafinil in your body. Adrafinil and Modafinil are similar compounds both created for battling fatigue . Both nootropics have cognitive benefits including increasing focus, memory retention, and mental and physical energy. Though they are similar, modafinil cannot be purchased without a prescription. Adrafinil Benefits and Experiences Aside from enhancing energy, Adrafinil has also been shown to improve cognitive function through an increase in mental focus, concentration, and memory. The beauty of Adrafinil's effects is that it is able to fight off fatigue without the negative jittery effects common to most stimulants. Quiet and reserved users have also reported feeling more open and talkative when taking Adrafinil. Adrafinil's effects might not be immediately noticeable, as they typically build subtly over a period of several days to a few months. This is because Adrafinil selectively stimulates l-adrenergic receptors in the brain. Other stimulants affect a wide range of receptors in the brain leading to possible over stimulation. This is likely why Adrafinil typically has fewer negative side effects . Adrafinil Dosage The recommended dosage is one scant 1/8tsp scoop (300mg) once daily as needed. Adrafinil Side Effects Since Adrafinil is metabolized by the liver, you may wish to use milk thistle to help minimize the impact on your liver from use.

Agmatine Sulfate
Ever heard of "The Holy Grail of Supplements"? Well simply put, that is one way to describe this great product. That product is the ever-so-versatile byproduct of the amino acid Arginine, Agmatine Sulfate. Agmatine Sulfate, NH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-NH-C(-NH2)(=NH )), or simply Agmatine, is produced through a process called decarboxylation. Basically put, it is Arginine with the carboxylic acid end removed. This is good to know, because recently, Arginine has regained popularity as one of the hottest supplements in sports nutrition for its role in the production of Nitric Oxide. Agmatine supplement, however, is a new and more effective way to stimulate Nitric Oxide production. Agmatine Sulfate Benefits When Arginine is broken down in the body, it is converted to Agmatine Sulfate. Rather than require your body to go through the unnecessary extra step when taking Arginine, one can take Agmatine supplement directly, allowing for a much more effective result of nutrient transportation and bloodflow enhancing. This will directly, positively affect a number of qualities including athletics, exercising, and performances. With regards to taking Agmatine prior to a work-out, Agmatine inhibits Nitric Oxide Synthase, leading to increased muscle pumps. Besides the incredible advantages that Agmatine gives you for performance, supplementing with Agmatine Sulfate has been proven to help with pain prevention and even enhance brain cognition with zero side effects. Agmatine Dosage Agmatine doses should be administered at the 500mg level. This should be taken in a manner of cycling: for instance, 3 days on, 1 day off, to prevent building a tolerance.

Alpha-GPC
Alpha-GPC Powder Alpha GPC is a cholinergic substance used for its cognitive enhancing abilities; there is also evidence that it can reduce the rate of age related memory loss. Alpha GPC also has athletic implications as it can enhance the production of growth hormones as well as muscle strength. Nutritionally supporting vibrant mental health can be difficult through food alone. The modern diet does not always provide your brain with all of the nutrients it needs. That being said, some common Alpha GPC food sources include milk, soy, and eggs. However, supplementation is a much more direct method of attaining Alpha GPC. Plus, Alpha GPC is the most efficient cholinergic supplement on the market. Due to the water solubility of Alpha GPC and its quick absorption, this form of choline is quickly becoming a popular addition to many nootropic stacks, and it is being used as a nootropic in its own right. Alpha-GPC Benefits Users most often take Alpha GPC for the improvement of general cognition, memory, thinking, and learning. Alpha GPC has been repeatedly shown to increase attention and certain aspects of memory. Not only does Alpha GPC provide choline, it bonds with the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) through an enzyme process that builds new membranes that promote nerve cell expansion. This nerve expanding property of Alpha GPC is not its only claim to fame, because Alpha GPC also supports high choline levels. This helps in the creation of acetylcholine which is one of the most important neurotransmitters when it comes to thinking, memory, and learning. High acetylcholine levels created by Alpha GPC supplementation can also benefit people who are seeking to enhance brain-muscle integration. Alpha GPC has also shown to improve brain functioning in young people. Alpha GPC and Growth Horomone Bodybuilders and fitness enthusiasts can also benefit from Alpha GPC. One study found that taking Alpha GPC before a power test resulted in a 14% increase in power output. Alpha GPC can also stimulate growth hormones. Alpha-GPC Dosage The recommended dosage of Alpha GPC is one flat 1.25cc scoop (600mg) once daily.

Artichoke Extract
What are Artichoke Extract + Forskolin Capsules? Artichoke extract and forskolin are part of a stack originally designed to simultaneously inhibit Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) and stimulate cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). These mechanisms promote the proliferation of neurons as well as dendrites. As a result, communication between neurons improves, boosting your learning capability. However, anecdotal evidence has unearthed new ways to enhance this stack with the addition of phenylalanine and ALCAR So why are the additions necessary? Many individuals choose to take racetams alongside this stack for a dopamine boost. Unfortunately, this can cause a dopamine burnout, which is where phenylalanine comes into play, as it supports organic dopamine production. ALCAR combats the fatigue that sometimes occurs with forskolin; it also increases the duration of this stack's efficacy. Artichoke Extract + Forskolin Capsules Benefits A major benefit of artichoke extract and forskolin capsules is ease of use. By having your supplements premeasured in an easy to take capsule, you save yourself a lot of time and hassle. Nootropic benefits include Increased ability to learn Increased motivation Improved focus and alertness Enhanced memory Enhanced social skills Another good but often overlooked benefit of this stack is its lack of side effects. The original stack could potentially cause drowsiness, but the addition of ALCAR reduces this problem. Taking more than the recommended dosage may lead to nausea, so be sure to follow proper dosing instructions Artichoke Extract + Forskolin Capsules Dosage The suggested artichoke extract and forskolin capsules dosage is three capsules per day. Each serving contains: 750mg Artichoke Extract 5% Cynarins 5mg Forskolin (Coleus Forskohlii 10%) 500mg Phenylalanine 450mg ALCAR For optimal results add a caffeine dose of 200mg. Whether you choose to add caffeine or not, this stack is most effective when taken on an empty stomach.

Ashwagandha Extract
Ashwagandha is one of the most important herbs in traditional Indian culture. Translated from Sanskrit, the name literally means 'the smell of a horse.' Indians, as well as a variety of other cultures, have used this medicinal herb for a wide variety of conditions. This includes helping to restore and strengthen the immune system, reduce stress, enhance memory, and even increase sexual potency of both men and women. The herb itself is a member of the tomato family and has oval leaves and yellow flowers. The fruit it produces is red and about the size of a raisin. While native to the dry regions of India, northern Africa, and the Middle East, it is now grown all over the world, including in the United States. Within the plant itself, you will find steroidal lactones, alkaloids, choline, amino acids, and a variety of sugars. When used in herbal remedies, the extract is primarily taken from the root. Ashwagandha Extract Benefits Ashwagandha extract has long been used to help restore strength and vigor to people who might be experiencing low energy. This could mean people recovering from an illness or even surgery. It is also thought to stimulate the immune system and promote the healthy functioning of the body. For this reason, it is also considered to be an adaptogenic, capable of helping the entire body and mind in a wide variety of ways. There have been a number of studies showing interesting benefits associated with ashwagandha powder. This includes having the potential to help protect against inflammation and cartilage damage associated with joint maladies. A 2000 study also showed that this herb has superb anti-anxiety effects as well as mood boosting abilities. Ashwagandha may also help to normalize high blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. Ashwagandha powder may really be able to help wherever you most need it. Research shows all kinds of additional benefits, like promoting health at the cellular level, acting as a powerful anti-oxidant, fighting against age related memory loss, and promoting breast, lung, and colon health. Ashwagandha Powder Dosage The recommended dosage of ashwagandha powder is 500 mg, taken 2-3 times per day with meals or water.

Avena Sativa Extract
Avena sativa, also known as green oat straw, is the name given to the stem of the oat plant harvested when it is still green. The oat itself is what we use in food, oatmeal, and cereals. The stem is usually neglected, leaving behind the plants other beneficial properties. Stress and anxiety make us fatigued, on edge and even affect sexual performance. Avena Sativa can help to soothe the brain and nervous system. Oat Straw Extract Benefits Avena sativa soothes the nervous system, particularly in times of stress. Avena sativa increases attention span and improves mental performance. The entire plant is rich in nutrients and trace minerals including: silica, magnesium, phosphorus, chromium, iron, calcium, alkaloids, protein, vitamin B complex, vitamin A, and vitamin C. “Sowing your wild oats” hints that wild oats are an aphrodisiac in that they nourish the endocrine system and regulate hormones. Avena Sativa is one of the main ingredients in popular sexual enhancement products. Most sexual enhancement products on the market target men only. Avena sativa benefits sexual health for both genders. Oat Straw Extract Side Effects Avena Sativa has no known side effects, but consult with a physician before supplementing. Avena Sativa Dosage Individuals should take 20mg of avena sativa 20:1 extract powder up to three times daily.


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